Common Pleco

Other Common Pleco Names: Common Pleco, Plecostomus, Pleco, Common Plecostomus, Algea Eater, Amazon Sailfin Catfish, L23, L023

Common Pleco Scientific Name: Pterygoplichthys pardalis, Acipenser plecostomus, Hypostomus plecostomus, Hypostomus punctatus, Liposarcus multiradiatus, Liposarcus pardalis, Plecostomus plecostomus

Common Pleco (Pterygoplichthys pardalis))

Temperature Range: 70°F-84°F
pH Range: 6-8
Hardness Range: 1-25°

Family: Loricariidae

Species Type: Plecostomus

Common Pleco Adult Size: 18 inches (cm)

Common Pleco Life Expectancy: 30 years

Common Pleco Habitat: South American River Deltas

Common Pleco Minimum Tank Size: 55 gallons

Common Pleco Temperament: Peaceful

Common Pleco Diet & Nutrition: Herbivore - Feed algae wafers/flakes/nori. Also include fresh green vegetables such as lettuce, spinach and peas.

Common Pleco Description: Hypostomus plecostomus is often referred to as the Common Pleco, and is very widely available. Unfortunately, many beginning aquarists do not realize how big this fish will grow, nor do they realize that as the fish ages, it may become more agressive, especially to other plecos. It is a very hardy fish however, and is a nice addition to larger tanks. When of a proper size is able to hold its own with most other fishes. It is often thought of as only an algae eater, but while it eats algae very effectively, its diet should be supplimented with other foods, including sinking pellets, romaine lettuce, parboiled zucchini, sweet potato, squash, and green peas. Driftwood should be included in the tank. Plecos will often eat live plants in the tank. When purchasing a specimen, do not buy fish with hollow stomachs as this indicates the fish has not eaten recently, and will most likely not survive long after the trip home.

Tank Mate Compatibility: An excellent community fish that can also hold it's own with large aggressive fish.

Common Pleco Breeding & Spawning: Breeding of members in the family Loricariidae has been done fairly regularly. The aquarium should have tubes or clay pipes with a fairly large diameter. The male will clean the site and will fan water over the eggs and fry. At a temperature of about 70f the eggs will hatch in about nine days. The fry will eat small flake food as well as baby brine shrimp and algae scrapings. They are not the easiest to raise and a bare bottom tank is best.

Determining Common Pleco Sex: No known way to determine visually.

Aquarium Region: Bottom of tank.

Common Pleco Diseases: None specific to species.

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