Other Braziliensis Names:
Braziliensis, Pearl Cichlid
Braziliensis Scientific Name:
Geophagus brasiliensis, Chromis brasiliensis
Species Type: South American Cichlids
Braziliensis Adult Size: 10 inches (cm)
Braziliensis Life Expectancy: 10 years
Braziliensis Habitat: South American rivers
Braziliensis Minimum Tank Size:
Braziliensis Diet & Nutrition:
Omnivorous - does well with flake or pellet food but should be given variety in diet including live or frozen foods. Do not feed live fish because of risk of disease transmission.
Geophagus brasiliensis is a South American substrate-spawning cichlid native to the coastal streams of eastern/southern Brazil and Uruguay. This fish has been known to science (and the hobby) for a long time as it was first typed by Quoy and Gaimard way back in 1824.
Geophagus brasiliensis is a popular aquarium fish. It is easy to keep and breed, and readily available at pet stores.
Another contributor to the success of Geophagus brasiliensis is that it is quite an attractive fish! The overall background of both males and females is a greyish-green which is covered with blue-white pearly flecks. Thus, the common name— Pearl Eartheater— is an apt descriptor. Fins are either totally red or edged with red.
Male Geophagus brasiliensis attain lengths approaching a foot or more. Females remain slightly smaller. Geophagus brasiliensis will breed at much smaller sizes, however.
Tank Mate Compatibility:
Other large cichlids from Central or South America. Plecos or Catfish also work well.
Braziliensis Breeding & Spawning:
To initiate breeding use pH of 6.0-7.0 and a higher temperature of 76-78°F. The eggs are laid on carefully cleaned rocks. Do not remove the parents after the eggs are laid as they are excellent parents.
Determining Braziliensis Sex:
No known way to determine visually.
HITH - Hole in the head disease.
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